Anemia is a medical condition in which you do not have enough healthy red blood cells in your body. To treat your anemia, you first need to understand its underlying cause and what type of anemia you are suffering from. Some of the common types of anemia that you must know are the one caused by iron deficiency, vitamin deficiency, continuous bleeding, pregnancy, and a bone marrow related disorder.
Read along to know about three popular treatment options that you can consider if you are anemic.
- Iron deficiency anemia treatment
Anemia caused because of deficiency of iron in the body is probably one of the most common types of anemia. Your bone marrow needs iron to produce hemoglobin for your red blood cells. The treatment for this type of anemia typically involves your doctor prescribing you oral supplements of ferrous sulfate, which you will be advised to take every day. If you are looking for natural ways to cure this type of anemia, then you can do so by including iron rich food like dark leafy vegetables, beans, and nuts in your diet.
- Vitamin deficiency anemia treatment
It is believed that another major reason why people are anemic is that their body lacks the necessary vitamins, specifically vitamin B12. To treat this type of anemia, doctors inject a man-made form of vitamin B12 called hydroxocobalamin into your body, every alternate day for two weeks. You can also increase the level of vitamin B12 in your body naturally by including meat, milk, eggs, salmon, fortified cereals and soy products in your diet.
- Pregnancy caused anemia treatment
During pregnancy, your requirement for iron increases and if your dietary intake of iron does not meet this requirement, then you might end up suffering from anemia. During pregnancy, if your hemoglobin level is less than 9 grams per dL, then you are diagnosed with anemia. To treat this type of anemia, doctors prescribe an oral dose of 60 to 120 mg of iron per day. The best way to reduce your risk of developing anemia during pregnancy is by making sure to take a multivitamin with folic acid every day.
Just keep in mind that anemia is not something you should take lightly and if left untreated, it might cause severe health complications in future. So, consult a doctor immediately if you suspect that you might suffer from anemia.
There have been different birth control options that people have been using for years and as science advances, the options have become more safe, effective, and reliable. Depending on which birth control option is best for you and your partner, you can decide from the variety of options that are available out there. The three birth control options that are commonly used by most people are-
- Birth control pills
Birth control pills are one of the most available birth control options and are very commonly used by people. Birth control pills are medicines that have hormones that help prevent pregnancy. There are a variety of brands that offer birth control pills, but it is always suggested to consult your doctor before consuming one. The pills stop your ovulation and hence, there is no egg around the sperm to fertilize. This is how birth control pills prevent pregnancy. Although pills are a great birth control option, they don’t prevent you from sexually transmitted infections.
Condoms are one of the most accessible birth control options available. Condoms are not only easy to use, but they are easily available as well. Condoms not only prevent birth control, but they also provide protection against STDs. Condoms cover the penis during sex and hence, they stop the semen from getting into the vagina. This ensures that the sperms don’t meet an egg and, in turn, prevent birth control. Also, condoms prevent STDs by covering the penis, preventing the contact with vaginal fluids, and limiting the skin-to-skin contact that can spread sexually transmitted diseases.
- Birth control implant
A birth control plant is also known as AKA Nexplanon. It is a tiny thin rod that is about the size of a matchstick. The implant prevents you from getting pregnant by releasing hormones into your body. It is one of the common birth control options suggested by the doctor that protects you from pregnancy for up to 4 years. It is not a permanent birth control option and whenever, you decide that you want to be pregnant or don’t want to have your implant anymore, your doctor can take it out for you. Once the birth control implant is removed, you can conceive whenever you want.
Iron is one of the most important minerals as it is essential for the good health of the body. The mineral does the vital function of creating energy from the nutrients while also transmitting nerve impulses. Iron is supplied to all parts of the body with the help of red blood cells; it is also present in every cell.
One receives iron through the food they eat; however, in some conditions, people may also suffer from a deficiency. A deficiency of iron can lead to the inability of the red blood cells to provide oxygen to the cells and tissues. In such a case, one may have to add iron supplements to the diet. Here are a few reasons that can lead to your doctor recommending iron supplements.
Regular blood loss – Individuals who experience blood loss regularly can suffer from iron deficiency. Moreover, even regular blood donors and people with gastrointestinal bleeding are at a high risk. Thus, one may have to add iron supplements to their diet in order to make up for the deficiency caused by blood loss.
Kidney dialysis – The kidney is a pivotal organ as it promotes the growth of red blood cells. However, when an individual does not have healthy kidneys and undergoes dialysis, there is a great loss of blood. The treatment also limits the intake of iron through the diet. Thus, iron supplements aid in maintaining the levels of the mineral in the body.
Pregnancy – Pregnant women have a significantly higher requirement of daily iron intake. While women need a take in around 15 to 18 milligrams of iron daily, pregnant women require around 27 milligrams of iron every day. Doctors are likely to recommend iron supplements if they conclude that the woman does not have enough iron during their prenatal period.
Menstruation – The menstrual cycle can lead to a depletion of iron stores in the body. This is a major reason why women are at a higher risk of suffering from anemia. Iron supplements are regularly administered to women suffering from iron deficiency.
Most individuals have been recorded to respond well to iron supplements. It is important to consume iron supplements before meals as food can affect the body’s ability to absorb iron. Moreover, iron supplements must be taken in proportion as excess amounts can be toxic.
Cellulitis is an infection caused by bacteria. It affects the layers of the skin and the soft and fat tissues beneath the skin. People who are obese or have athletes foot or psoriasis are more likely to be infected with leg cellulitis. It is important to undertake leg cellulitis treatment immediately. Untreated cuts even small wounds where the skin is cut or open and dry or dirty is an ideal site for the bacteria. Prevention and management of bruises and cuts go a long way from contracting the infection. The following instances are also at high risk of contracting this infection:
- People who have poor circulation because of reduced mobility either due to age, physical disability, or obesity.
- People who have low immune system associated with other illness
- Long-term diabetes certainly triggers health complications and cellulitis could be one of the many.
- Those who are recovering from chemotherapy can also suffer from cellulitis.
The infected area generally turns red, swollen, warm, tender and painful. If caught early, cellulitis treatment is certainly a possibility. In case of mild infection, the treatment is an oral intake of antibiotics for 3-10 days depending on the size, location and medical condition of the patient. The patient is likely to show signs of improvement within 24 to 48 hours. Patients are advised to complete the course of the medication even if the infection subsides to prevent recurrent cellulitis. Warm compresses on the site of the wound can reduce the inflammation and relieve pain.
In case the infection does not subside and the patient continues to have a fever or the infected area has a lot of pus, doctors would recommend intravenous administration of antibiotics. The drainage of the abscess is done by surgical methods. To check if the bloodstream is infected, swab test from the wound is taken to identify the bacteria and treatment is done accordingly. Management of the wound will become crucial and further injury to the wound has to be prevented. Most patients are taught to dress and manage the wound. The skin has to be kept moist using creams.
The most commonly used antibiotic for leg cellulitis treatment is Penicillin. If the patient is not responding a combination of antibiotics is prescribed based on the patient’s history (In case the person has an immune deficiency disease or diabetics). Recurrent cellulitis is a cause for concern if holistic treatment is not done. In most cases, complications do not arise and the infection is contained. But if leg cellulitis treatment is not undertaken, the infection can reach the bloodstream and result in the loss of the leg or could even be life-threatening.
Cellulitis is an infection caused by the Staphylococcus and Streptococcus bacteria. It normally starts at the site of wounds but can appear anywhere in the skin. Previous bruises and cuts or insect bite wounds can trigger cellulitis. Generally, adults are infected in the lower legs and suffer from leg cellulitis, but infections have known to be found in arms and occasionally in the face too. Sometimes an already-existing infection like athlete’s foot can also lead to leg cellulitis.
The infection starts with redness in the skin and swelling of the affected area. As it progresses, the affected site tends to become warm and soft or tender. Occasionally some develop fever and chills. In some cases, nausea and hardening of affected area have also been noticed.
If the infection is mild the following home remedy can be useful to reduce pain
- Using a warm compress once or twice with a clean piece of cloth
- Soaking the infected area in lukewarm water
- Avoiding any chemicals to come in contact with the affected area
- Wearing comfortable and loose attire to avoid the irritation that comes due to contact with the infection
Also if the infection is mild, the physician will recommend oral antibiotics for a course of 3 to 10 days depending on the intensity of infection. Once the medication is given, improvement will be seen in 1 or 2 days. If there are no signs of improvement, it is best to see the doctor again without any further adieu. Hospitalization and cellulitis treatment might become necessary. If left untreated, the infection is likely to spread to the lymph nodes of the skin and the bloodstream. Also, an unchecked infection can cause sepsis.
If the patient does not respond to antibiotics and continues to have a fever, intravenous antibiotics will be administered in a hospital setting. Penicillin has been found to be the most commonly used and effective treatment for leg cellulitis. If the patient is obese or has high blood pressure, it is likely that the treatment might take longer. Patients are also taught to manage their wounds and take painkillers along with antibiotics.
In all cases, the cellulitis treatment of the patient is based on the location, level of the infection, and the general health of the patient
Involuntary, rhythmic movement or shaking is referred to as a tremor. A neurological disorder, essential tremors can occur anywhere in the human body, but most often affects the hands, arms, and fingers especially. Occasionally, even the tongue, neck, face, head, leg and trunk of the body are afflicted. Appearing initially in hand movements before spreading to the other parts, essential tremors are similar to Parkinson’s disease, but the two conditions are not the same. Essential tremors, however, can increase the chances of acquiring Parkinson’s. Research shows a connection between essential tremors and migraines too.
Although the specific reason why essential tremors occur remains unknown, genetic mutation and exposure to toxins from consumption of meat and alcohol in excessive quantities seemingly are some of the major causes. There are not many signs that show up for essential tremors. But this condition can at first be recognized by the shaking of the hands while a person is eating, drinking or writing, or when the hands are extended during exercise or while doing chores. Essential tremors’ signs can also clearly be noticed when the affected person tries to work minutely with their hands as in the case of a tailor trying to thread a needle or a carpenter trying to mark a specific point with a nail. Essential tremors’ signs become severe when the person makes an effort to use the muscles that are affected. Also, fatigue, low blood sugar, and mental or physical stress can most certainly increase the seriousness of this neural condition.
The more severe the condition becomes, the more difficult will it be for the person affected by essential tremors. The person finds it difficult to perform daily tasks of combing their hair, feeding themselves, walking straight, and so on without help. Also, the balance and gait of the person are affected and this unsteadiness causes injuries or falls more frequently. Since this neurological condition is progressive in nature, affected individuals might require round the clock assistance and care. A movement disorder, essential tremors can affect anyone from a newborn to an old person. Although this condition cannot be cured, it certainly can be treated. Depending on the severity of the essential tremors’ signs, a basic reduction in the consumption of alcohol and caffeine is suggested, along with advice to get proper sleep/rest. Medication, deep brain simulation and occupational therapy are some of the other treatment methods followed in controlling essential tremors.
Essential tremor is a neurological condition that is often compared to Parkinson’s disease. Any involuntary, rhythmic muscle contraction that results in shaking of the hands mainly, or sometimes even other parts of the body is considered a tremor. The following are some common signs of essential tremors.
- A rhythmic shaking of arms, hands, legs, head, vocal chords or torso
- A difficulty with eating and drinking, and/or using the hands for any activity
- Shaky voice
- Unsteady gait and imbalance while standing or walking
- Severe shaking set in motion with certain movements or in direct proportion to increasing stress
Essential tremors are quite common and are a condition that can only be managed and not completely curable. Directly proportional to the increase in the use of the muscles that are affected, essential tremors can be noticed when a person has difficulty drinking from a glass, eating with their hands, when they try to hold and control the use of a pen, or any tool or instrument in their hands, or when they raise their hands upwards or stretch them away from the body while doing everyday chores like combing the hair, doing exercises, and so on. Occasionally, but not often, even the way the person moves or walks is affected. Essential tremors can affect anyone, irrespective of age, gender or occupation and can either be a sporadic occurrence or a continuous shaky movement. And, although the connection between essential tremors’ signs and other neurological conditions is not clear, one may lead to the other, especially in the cases of Parkinson’s and migraines.
The most complex organ in the human body, the brain is affected in the person showing signs of essential tremors, and thus, their movements are not under their control. Heredity factors are seemingly the currently known main cause of essential tremors. Moreover, injury to the brain, excessive alcohol consumption, certain neurodegenerative diseases, stroke, and extreme physical and mental stress are some other factors that could cause essential tremors. While it may remain stable and mild for many years, essential tremors could also advance rapidly in some people. While essential tremors are not deadly on their own, they can be risky if the affected person falls or injures themselves due to the involuntary muscle movements that they have no control over. Hence, if the condition escalates, it is best for the person affected to be under supervision and protection of a caregiver.
Stomach cancer is difficult to be diagnosed in its early stages. This happens because what is classified as early symptoms of stomach cancer are assumed to be due to less serious illnesses. Most patients ignore the symptoms, brushing it off as a stomach ulcer or an infection. Stomach cancer is mostly noted among people over the age of 40. However, people above the age of 55 with persistent symptoms that are listed below should visit the doctor immediately.
According to statistics, stomach cancer is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths. Although the numbers have decreased in Western countries, it still remains a common cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. It is important to get checked if any symptoms of stomach cancer are experienced. If a tumor is found and is malignant, the cancer can spread to other parts of the body.
Some of the key signals and symptoms of the initial stages of stomach cancer are as follows:
- Fatigue and weakness
- Feeling nauseated and sick
- Recurring indigestion
- Continuous burping
- Feeling sated with very small quantities of food
- Stomach feels bloated after a meal because of unreleased gas
- Swallowing becomes difficult
- Pain in the stomach above the navel
- Loss of weight without any particular diet or exercise regime
Only 20% of the stomach cancer cases are diagnosed in the initial stages. Most of the symptoms do not appear until the cancer is in advanced stages. If detected early, stomach cancer is curable with surgery and chemotherapy depending on the health and other parameters of the patient
However, in the advanced stages of stomach cancer, the following symptoms may be experienced:
- Vomiting with blood
- Pain in the stomach
- Black stools indicating the presence of blood
One of the tests used to diagnose stomach cancer is upper endoscopy through the throat. With the visuals, the doctor is able to see the cells in the lining of the stomach. If the cells look normal, no treatment would be required. However, if the doctor spots any abnormal cells, the tissue cells are removed for biopsies. If the tumor is found to be cancerous or benign, the doctor can devise a specific treatment plan based on the patient’s medical history, health parameters, and the stage of the cancer.
Cancer of the stomach, also known as gastric cancer, occurs when healthy cells in the stomach become abnormal and multiply out of control. It is among the top causes for cancer-related deaths in the country. A tumor may be cancerous or benign. If the tumor in the stomach is cancerous, it is malignant and can spread to other parts of the body.
Early diagnosis of stomach cancer or gastric cancer is possible with careful observation of recurrent symptoms. Most of the symptoms are non-specific and hence ignored by many, thereby causing a delay in diagnosis. Stomach cancer rarely occurs below the age of 40 and is twice more likely to affect men than women.
In the initial stages of stomach cancer, the following are some of the most commonly occurring symptoms:
- Discomfort in the stomach
- Unexplained fatigue and weakness
- Frequent indigestion and heartburn
- Loss of appetite; no inclination to eat or drink despite routine lifestyle
- Bloated feeling in the stomach; feeling that one has too much gas
- Loss of interest to eat after a few mouthfuls; despite having a healthy appetite, one is unable to eat and feels full
- Difficulty to swallow
- Mild vomiting and nausea
- Recurrent burping
The above symptoms of stomach cancer can also indicate a stomach ulcer or viral infection and are often mistaken for conditions that can be cured easily. If one experiences any of the abovementioned symptoms, they should get it checked it with the doctor immediately.
In the advanced stages of stomach cancer, the following can also occur alongside the abovementioned symptoms:
- Vomiting, sometimes with blood
- Black stools indicating the presence of blood
- Pain in the stomach
- Loss of weight over a period of time without any diet or exercise
People who have any or combinations of the above symptoms are advised to visit the doctor without any delay. People who are above the age of 55 with persistent heartburn and/or indigestion should also visit their doctor for a consultation and necessary tests.
The doctor can order an endoscopy or an endoscopic ultrasound. These are the basic tests that can help diagnose this problem. If abnormal cells are found, a tissue sample is taken during the endoscopy and sent for a biopsy. The treatment is then prescribed on the basis of the stage and the health of the patient suffering from stomach cancer.
When cells multiply to a great extent, a growth or tumor is formed; the tumor, when suspected, is then tested, and if it is found to be malignant, it is said to be affected by cancer. Oral cancer is one of the common types of cancer that has affected many citizens across the country. There are different types and stages of tongue cancer. A dentist or doctor can find tongue and oral cavity cancers during physical check-ups. To confirm the findings, tests such as MRI, PET, CT, and other such scans may be prescribed.
If any of the symptoms of tongue cancer are experienced, one should get it checked without any further delays. Early diagnosis is important as the doctor or specialist will be able to prescribe the right treatment as per the severity of cancer.
Some of the initial symptoms of tongue cancer are as follows:
- A persistent sore throat
- The appearance of red, white, or pinkish patches on the surface of the tongue
- Difficulty and or pain while chewing or swallowing
- Pain in the tongue and jaw in older patients with dentures
- Numbness in the tongue
- Unable to move the tongue and freely causing speech difficulties
- Loosening of the teeth or a toothache
- Chronic bad breath
- Pain in the ear or jaw
If one has any one or a combination of the above symptoms of tongue cancer, they should first meet their dentist for a thorough examination of the mouth and neck as they will be able to spot any cancer-related defects. If a growth or tumor is spotted, it will be removed and sent for a biopsy. If found malignant, the patient is referred to a specialist. If tumors are small, it can be removed surgically. However, it will have to be treated with a combination of radiation, chemotherapy, and surgery. This depends on the stage of cancer.
People who have a history of extensive use of tobacco products and consumption of alcohol are in the highest risk category for oral and particularly tongue cancer. Like any form of cancer, tongue cancer is also life-threatening. Depending on the severity, the tongue could be removed and reconstructed using plastic surgery. This could lead to distortion of facial features and a loss in normal speaking abilities.