Getting a closer look at bone density test

Osteoporosis is a bone-thinning condition, which can manifest as debilitating fractures, affecting mainly the spine, wrist and hip. The disease often occurs in women, but men may also be affected. As per estimated reports, 10 million people in the United States, (8 million women and 2 million men), are already suffering from the condition, while around 34 million are placed at high risk of suffering from osteoporosis due to thinning bone mass (osteopenia).

A bone density scan test is a simple, non-invasive technique to diagnose the risk or presence of osteoporosis.  The test also helps monitor osteoporosis treatment.

The doctor might suggest a bone density test in the case of the following:

Height loss: People who have lost at least 1.6 inches in height may develop fractures in their spines, which is mainly due to osteoporosis.

Fracture of a bone: Fragile bones have more tendency for fracture.

Certain medicines: Prolong use of steroid medications (e.g., prednisone) hampers the bone-rebuilding process, which can lead to osteoporosis.

Organ transplant: Organ transplantation increases the risk for osteoporosis, partly because immunosuppressant drugs also interfere with the bone-rebuilding process.

Reduced hormone levels: Women undergo a natural drop in their hormone levels after menopause. Also, estrogen levels may also decrease during certain cancer treatments. Treatments for prostate cancer may also reduce testosterone levels in men – which increases the risk for osteoporosis in men.

An imaging X-ray of a lower dose is employed to spot symptoms of decreased bone density as well as loss of minerals. The scan evaluates the hip and the spinal density, while the scan of the forearm is evaluated in patients who suffer from hyperthyroidism or in case their hip cannot be scanned. For screening of patients under the age of 60, clinicians usually recommend just a scan of the hip.

The density of the total body, the spine, and the hip is evaluated by the machines, while the peripheral machines measure and evaluate the density in the heel, shin bone, kneecap, wrist, and finger. The central machine is used and employed in a bone density scan, which takes about a quarter of an hour including the process of registration. During the procedure, the person will lay on a scanning table for 5-8 minutes. 3D detailed images of these body parts are provided in the scans which can also evaluate the effects of age and diseases other than osteoporosis in the bones.



Could dry itchy eyes be more than just an allergy

Eyes are way more sensitive than we think them to be, but we do not take adequate care of our eyes as we take care of other parts of the body. Itchiness and dryness of the eyes are not only caused due to exposure to allergens, but the cause might be much serious like conjunctivitis or blepharitis.

Your doctor needs to diagnose the cause for providing chronic dry eye relief. The two main causes for dry and itchy eyes are discussed below:


It is one of the principal reasons, which can make your eyes to get inflamed or swollen, accompanied by itchiness. This occurs due to the clogging of pores in the eyelid with oils or dust particles. The hair follicles on your eyelid get irritated due to the presence of the particles, which causes your eyes to feel itchy. There are other causes of Blepharitis as well like –

  • Mites on your eyelashes
  • Infection caused due to bacteria
  • Malfunctioning of oil glands
  • Side effects of medications or makeup you are using on your eyes or face.


Conjunctivitis is a common eye disease, but if you don’t get proper chronic dry eye relief for this problem, it can cause damage to your eyes. There are two different kinds of conjunctivitis.

  • One is seasonal conjunctivitis which occurs mostly during spring as well as in fall. It happens because the environment and the air tend to have a high count of pollens, dry grass, and weeds which are highly allergic to many.
  • Another one is the Perennial Allergic Conjunctivitis, and it happens because of dust, hairs of your pet or mold, which are present in your household and the environment all the time, irrespective of the season.

The chronic dry eye relief care is different for each of them.

In case you are suffering from dry, itchy eyes, treatment for it is extremely important. Also, it is vital to find out the reason behind the condition. You should always visit an eye clinic whenever your eyes are dry and itchy eyes and avail the proper chronic dry eye relief care.



10 daily habits for arthritis pain relief

Arthritis is a disease, which causes inflammation in joints, making the life of a patient extremely difficult as even basic movements feel cumbersome and painful. However, some practices, if undertaken on a daily basis, can provide adequate arthritis pain relief. Read on to know some daily habits that will help you get chronic arthritis pain relief without resorting to expensive arthritis treatment.

  • Start doing regular exercises. Lose weight and reduce pressure on your joints. It will increase your mobility and give you arthritis knee pain relief.
  • You can also undertake exercises for back arthritis pain relief such as swimming and water aerobics, which do not stress your muscles and joints but provide adequate treatment by improving the flexibility of muscles.
  • Regular usage of hot fomentation and cold compression is a trusted arthritis pain reliever and goes a long way in providing simple, but efficient relief to patients.
  • For knee pain arthritis treatment, doctors usually prescribe anti-inflammatory and pain relieving medication, which should be regularly taken by the patient to reduce stress and enable him or her to cope better.
  • Intake of Omega-3 fatty acid by patients is recommended throughout the world as one of the best cures for arthritis knee pain. Include fish, flaxseeds or fish oil supplements in your daily diet.
  • Including turmeric and ginger to your diet is an effective way to battle arthritis pain as they are known for their anti-inflammatory properties.
  • Massage therapy and acupuncture are also preferred by many patients as alternatives to medication and can be included in one’s daily routine.
  • Reduce stress to reduce pain.
  • Go out in the sun and soak in vitamin D to improve the flexibility of your joints and the health of your bones.
  • Sleep well at night and take rest during the day to help your body recover.

Good habits make your life better, and they are great solutions for arthritis pain relief. Regular intake of healthy food, sufficient amount of water, and maintaining good posture is necessary to increase the overall immunity of the body.



Five natural ways to get rid of chronic dry eye

Tears provide the necessary lubrication and moisture to the eyes for maintaining the health of the organ. But sometimes people fail to have the right amount or quality of tears and end up developing light sensitivity and experiencing a sandy and stinging feeling all the time. This particular condition is generally caused by chronic dry eye disease. Below are some of the easiest ways of getting rid of chronic dry eye.

Wash the eyelids frequently
One of the best ways to get rid of the burning that chronic dry eye causes is washing the eyelids frequently every day. People having dry eyes generally end up rubbing their eyes constantly, which often leads to redness and inflammation. A splash of water relieves the discomfort and ensures eye hygiene.

Use warm compresses daily
Placing a warm compress on the eyes can save one from suffering the unbearable itching or burning sensation of chronic dry eye. This practice proves to be extremely helpful when even eye drops fail to tackle the issue.

Take a break from technology
Staring at the computer or laptop screens for a long time often leads to dry itchy eyes. However, taking frequent breaks or looking away from the screens after every 20 minutes can help in reducing issues caused by this disease.

Try regular blinking exercise
According to doctors, performing blinking exercise at least 4 times in every hour regularly can prove to be extremely helpful in preventing the uneasiness of the eye that chronic dry eye causes. Frequent blinking may help in re-moistening the dry and itching eyes easily.

Include Omega-3 rich foods in your diet
Including higher amounts of the Omega-3 fatty acids in the daily diet is a good way of treating this eye syndrome for those who don’t prefer drops. Omega-3s are not only known for their anti-inflammation properties, but they also help in stimulating the tear production as well as the increasing the quality of tears.

Both environmental, as well as medical factors can be responsible as for causing dry eyes. But once diagnosed, opting for the right treatment solutions can help you in getting rid of this dry eye syndrome quickly.



Different Allergic Rhinitis Treatments for Helping You Out

Here are different allergic rhinitis treatments that you can consider.

Allergic rhinitis treatments are applied in many ways. These include medications and home remedies are effective for immediate reliefs. Always consult a doctor before trying out any treatment.

Eye drops and nasal sprays:
The eye and nasal drops are mainly used for allergic rhinitis treatment to help relieve itchiness or irritation inside the eye or nose and other such allergic symptoms. Overusing these sprays can also cause side effects.

Steroid nasal sprays are recommended as a useful method for treating nasal allergies. They are available over-the-counters as well as with prescriptions.

Allergic rhinitis treatment related to sinus pain or blocked noses can be treated with decongestants. They are best for immediate reliefs. It is advisable to shift to alternate treatments after 2-3 days. Patients who suffer from or have a history of heart disease, stroke, anxiety, sleep disorder, high blood pressure, or bladder issues, make sure to consult a doctor before using this method for treating your allergies.

Doctors usually prefer suggesting immunotherapy or allergy shots for severe allergies. This method can be used in addition to the medications that your doctor suggests for controlling the symptoms faster and better. They help you resist the allergies more efficiently by providing treatments that will help you get relief sooner. Thus, they are a long time commitment treatment plan. There are some stages that you must go through before the allergy symptoms fade or disappear completely.

Due to the number of side effects from medicines, people look for more natural alternatives to allergic rhinitis treatment. Honey, probiotics, etc. can be used as alternatives to cure certain allergies.

Remember, before opting for any of the above treatment methods; you must check with a qualified doctor if you can go for these treatments. It is best to avoid self-treatment and self-medication in cases like these.



Allergic rhinitis treatment for kids

Allergies in kids can be a sensitive issue. From low immunity, discomfort, constant itching and stuffy noses, they can make kids really uncomfortable.

Here are a couple of tips you can use for giving your kids the best allergic rhinitis treatment:

Clean bedrooms
Thoroughly clean the sheets, dust the curtains, and clean bed linen with hot water to eliminate dust mites. Kids have sensitive noses that react to the tiniest dust allergens, which may cause sneezing and coughing.

Ginger drink
Ginger is an effective allergic rhinitis treatment for kids. Simply mix one tablespoon of grated ginger with a couple of cloves and cinnamon pieces and add them to a cup of water. Boil this mixture for five minutes and garnish with honey or lemon juice for flavor. Let your child drink this to get quick relief. Also, chewing small-cut or chopped pieces of ginger throughout the day will help in keeping allergies at bay.

Turmeric supplements
A turmeric supplement is recommended as an allergic rhinitis treatment. Advised by doctors, turmeric improves the body’s immunity and prevents allergic reactions. Alternatively, you can let your child drink homemade natural turmeric water or add turmeric curcumin powder to your dishes for meal times.

Apple cider vinegar water
Two teaspoons of organic apple cider vinegar mixed well with water and honey, when consumed daily, can do wonders for allergies. Let your kid drink this three times a day for an effective allergic rhinitis treatment.

Limited exercise
Exercising may cause flare-ups of allergic symptoms. Limit physical activities for kids if they have trouble breathing due to allergic symptoms. Don’t let your child participate in sports activities and leave them susceptible to risks. Consult a doctor regarding this.

Other simple and daily options for kids include making them sit away from blackboards during school hours to avoid reactions from chalk dust, and avoiding exposure to soft toys or furry toys that attract dust mites and cause a plethora of allergies. Finally, you may use epinephrine in case of emergencies, but this should be done only with a doctor’s permission.