Uric acid occurs naturally in the body as a result of a natural breakdown. When the kidneys process purine, a natural element found in foods, uric acid is produced. The acid is filtered out by the kidneys and is passed flushed out of the body through urine. A small portion may also be passed out during the bowel movement. However, when uric acid is produced in excess or cannot be normally flushed out with the blood, the levels increase and it poses a problem.
When uric acid levels increase in the blood, solid crystal form in the joint. This condition leads to gout, a painful situation that makes it difficult to walk and carry out activities. If uric acids continue to increase, gout problem worsens and the crystals form like hard stones around the joints.
Diagnosis of increased levels of uric acid and gout
In case, one experiences pain and suspects symptoms of uric acid, the diagnosis will include several tests.
Joint fluid test – This test involves the doctor piercing a needle into the joint to draw fluid from the affected joint. The fluid is examined under a microscope to show traces of urate crystals.
Blood test – A blood test is an essential test as it indicates the level of uric acid in the blood. Although this test may not help in entirely understand the issue, it is an important test that helps the doctor understand the overall condition.
Ultrasound – Ultrasound is used to detect urate crystals in the joints. This is a widely used test and is very reliable.
Uric acid medication and treatment
Uric acid medication is pivotal to keep the levels of the acid in control. The medications prescribed for uric acid is dependent on the severity of the condition.
Uric acid blocker – These kinds of medications include the use of drugs that limit the amount of uric acid produced in the body. This reduces the risk of developing acute gout and kidney problems. This kind of uric acid medication includes febuxostat and allopurinol.
Uric acid removal – There are some uric acid medications that are prescribed to help the kidneys in effectively flushing out uric acid. Consuming these medications help the uric acid pass out through urine and stools.
Uric acid can also lead to kidney failure and kidney stones. This is why it is essential to control the levels of uric acid before it causes extreme complications. Regularly visiting the doctor and taking uric acid medication religiously is necessary. Also following self-care methods will help in keeping the disorder in control.