Dry eye syndrome is nothing but a chronic condition of the eyes, where an insufficient amount of tears are produced, which is essential for the lubrication and moisturization of the eyes. In some cases, tears are sufficiently produced, but are not of the required quality and hence result in dry, itchy eyes.
It has been seen that this chronic dry eye disease is more common in the people who are over 65 years of age. In this situation, the chronic dry eye causes become very important to be identified so that proper treatment can be designed effectively to cure the affected ones of this chronic condition.
Diagnosis of dry eye syndrome
The first step in the process of diagnosis is the identification of chronic dry eye causes. It can be diagnosed with a comprehensive examination of the eye with a particular regard to the evaluation of both the quantity and quality of the production of tears by the eyes. Other steps in the diagnosis of dry eyes are mentioned below.
- Previous medical history of the affected person along with any other symptoms, health problems, environmental factors and medications, which might contribute to the condition of the chronic dry eye, is determined.
- A thorough examination of the eye is done, which includes the blink dynamics and lid structure as well.
- A proper evaluation of both the eyelids and the cornea is done with the help of bright light along with magnification.
Treatment of dry eye syndrome
After the diagnosis of the causes of chronic dry eye, look at the viable treatment options.
- The first step in the treatment of chronic dry eye is the use of artificial tears on a regular basis to lubricate the eyes.
- Another way is to just conserve the natural tears in the eyes for the reduction of the condition of dry eyes.
- Several eye drops and other oral medicines are also prescribed to the patient for increasing the production of tears.
Once the symptoms of chronic dry eye are observed, it is essential to seek medical attention to avail the treatment and get completely cured.