Cancer has been one of the leading causes of death in many ways and for many years. Skin cancer is identified by the development of a pigment that arises around a mole on the skin.
Melanoma, a type of skin cancer, can occur in the eyes or other parts of the body. It occurs when some cells suffer damage in their DNA and become cancerous. Several melanoma treatments exist, but understanding them, it is important to know the causes and symptoms of melanoma.
Some of some of the common causes of melanoma include:
- Ultraviolet rays of the sun: UV rays are known to damage the skin and also the DNA present in the cells. Melanoma does not appear instantly with the damage but may take several years to show its symptoms.
- A trend in the family tree: When a family member suffers from this deadly disease, he or she passes down his genes to the offspring who is also likely to develop melanoma. However, melanoma treatments may sometimes prove to be helpful so that the child does not inherit the disease from the parents.
- Tanning beds: Chances of developing melanoma in teenagers goes up because of the use of tanning beds. In this process, UV rays are directly used on the skin to hasten the process of tanning. At the same time, this increases the person’s proximity of developing melanoma.
The symptoms of melanoma are as follows:
- There might be a formation of unusual moles on the body surface. The border of the moles will be irregular, and the color, as well as its symmetry, will be abnormal. Melanoma treatments at the initial phase can help curb the disease.
- The moles will not only be abnormal, but they will have an evolving nature. In other words, they will keep changing their forms from time to time.
- There will be a visible spread of pigment from a particular spot to other parts.
- The moles may turn scaly or may even bleed.
- Sores will be formed, and they would not show any signs of healing.
If you see any of these symptoms, you must seek help from a doctor and undergo timely and appropriate melanoma treatments.